WHAT IS HINDU CALENDAR
Since ancient time, Hindu calendar has been a traditional method to measure and observe time. With the change in the regional face of India, Hindu calendar has also been changed and modified from time to time. Aside from the names of the twelve months, each Hindu calendar differs a bit from each other. The calendar is made from both solar and lunisolar calendars. Specific to the many regions of the country, there are several variations in the Hindu calendar. The first Hindu calendar appeared in the late BC through astronomical philosophies.
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Among such variations of the Hindu calendar, there is a standard genre that serves as the National Calendar in India. This calendar marks important festivals and holidays. Here are the months’ name as per this Calendar
Chaitra (March-April), Vaisakha (April-May), Jyaistha (May-June), Asadha (June-July), Sravana (July-August), Bhadrapada (August-September), Asvina (September-October), Kartika (October-November), Agrahayana (November-December), Pausa (December-January), Magha (January-February) and Phalguna (February-March).
HINDU CALENDAR – SIGNIFICANCE
- A Multi-dimensional Calendar
One of the most outstanding features of the Hindu calendar system is its multidimensional structure. It offers a multi-dimensional technique for organizing time, combining information about lunar days, solar days, lunar months, solar months, the movement of the Sun and the Moon and other astronomical aspects. As a result, this makes the Hindu Calendar way more complicated than its western counterpart. A Western Calendar works around just two essential units of time: solar days and solar years.
Interestingly, there isn’t only one single Hindu calendar. Every region in India uses its own variation. The Indian National Calendar or Saka Calendar is the calendar of India since 1957 and it speaks but one of numerous varieties of the Hindu calendar. All things considered, there are a few features that are basic to all or most variants.
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- Describes 12 Lunar Months
The Hindu calendar uses a lunisolar framework, i.e., it considers the clear movement of both the Moon and the Sun that is observed from Earth. Every one of the 12 lunar months in the calendar denotes the time it takes the Moon to circle the Earth in connection to the Sun.
Each lunar month is separated into 30 lunar days. These are additionally divided into two fortnights with 15 days each: a “bright” fortnight that contains the waxing phase of the Moon (Shukla Paksha) and a “dark” fortnight that features a waning Moon (Krishna Paksha).
12 Solar Months
A Hindu calendar tracks solar months, as well, which are named after the zodiac signs through which the Sun crosses. While the lunar months are used to decide religious holidays and ceremonies, the solar time is used for civil purposes, so solar months are additionally referred to as civil months.
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Comprises Of Yoga, Nakshatra, and Karaṇa
The Hindu calendar tracks many other astronomical time spans:
- Yoga: The yogas are parts of the joined longitudes of the Sun and the Moon. Each Yoga measures 13° 20′ and is related with certain human qualities, deities, or other mythological data. Moreover, each solar day is associated with the yoga reached at sunrise.
- Nakshatra: Nakshatra is also known as lunar mansions. They are parts of the Moon’s orbit around the Earth, each measuring 13° 20′.
- Karaṇa: A karaṇa includes half a lunar day. As with yogas, each karaṇa is connected with certain qualities, and each solar day is associated with the karaṇa which is active at sunrise.
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